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Astronomy Events

2019 Astronomical Event Calendar


This listing gives notable astronomical events in our solar system, including eclipses, meteor showers, periodic comets, phases of the moon, and motions of the planets.

December 2018

Dec 7: New Moon phase
Dec 13-14: Geminid meteors
Dec 15: Mercury at greatest western elongation
Dec 21: Winter solstice (22:23 UTC)
Dec 21-22: Ursids meteors
Dec 22: Full Moon phase

January 2019

Jan 1: New Horizons spacecraft flyby of Ultima Thule (Kuiper Belt object)
Jan 3-4: Quadrantids meteor shower
Jan 6: New Moon phase
Jan 6: Partial solar eclipse
Jan 6: Venus at greatest Western elongation
Jan 21: Total lunar eclipse
Jan 21: Full Moon phase (Wolf Supermoon)
Jan 22: Conjunction of Venus & Jupiter before sunrise (2.4°)


February 2019

Feb 4: New Moon phase
Feb 19: Full Moon phase (Snow Supermoon)
Feb 27: Mercury at greatest Eastern elongation


March 2019

Mar 6: New Moon phase
Mar 20: Vernal equinox (21:58 UTC)
Mar 21: Full Moon phase (Worm Supermoon)


April 2019

Apr 5: New Moon phase
Apr 11: Mercury at greatest Western elongation
Apr 19: Full Moon phase
Apr 22-23: Lyrid meteors


May 2019

May 4: New Moon phase
May 6-7: Eta Aquarid meteors
May 18: Full (Blue) Moon phase


June 2019

Jun 3: New Moon phase
Jun 10: Jupiter at opposition
Jun 17: Full Moon phase
Jun 21: Summer Solstice(15:54 UTC)
Jun 23: Mercury at greatest Eastern elongation


July 2019

Jul 2: New Moon phase
Jul 2: Total solar eclipse
Jul 9: Saturn at opposition
Jul 16: Full Moon phase
Jul 16: Partial lunar eclipse
Jul 28-29: Delta Aquarids meteors


August 2019

Aug 1: New Moon phase
Aug 9: Mercury at greatest Western elongation
Aug 12-13: Perseid meteors
Aug 15: Full Moon phase
Aug 30: New Moon phase


September 2019

Sep 9: Neptune at opposition
Sep 14: Full Moon phase
Sep 23: Autumnal Equinox(07:50 UTC)
Sep 28: New Moon phase


October 2019

Oct 8: Draconids meteors
Oct 13: Full Moon phase
Oct 20: Mercury at greatest Eastern elongation
Oct 21-22: Orionid meteors
Oct 27: Uranus at Opposition
Oct 28: New Moon phase


November 2019

Nov 5-6: Taurids meteors
Nov 11: Mercury transit across Sun
Nov 12: Full Moon phase
Nov 17-18: Leonid meteors
Nov 24: Conjunction of Venus & Jupiter at sunset (1.4°)
Nov 26: New Moon phase
Nov 28: Mercury at greatest Western elongation


December 2019

Dec 12: Full Moon phase
Dec 13-14: Geminid meteors
Dec 21-22: Ursid meteors
Dec 22: Winter solstice (04:19 UTC)
Dec 26: New Moon phase
Dec 26: Annular solar eclipse



Definitions:

Apogee: point in the Moon's orbit when it is farthest from Earth.

Conjunction: Occurs when two or more bodies appear close together in the sky.

Elongation: is the apparent angular separation of an object from the Sun. Greatest elongation is best for viewing as it is at it's highest point above the horizon.

Inferior conjunction: When planet Mercury or Venus pass between the Sun and the Earth.

Occultation: Passage of one object in front of a smaller one, thus obscuring all or part of the background object from view.

Opposition: When a planet farther from the Sun than Earth appears opposite the Sun in the sky. This is the best time to observe a planet as it is closet to the Earth.

Perigee: point in the Moon's orbit when it is nearest to Earth.

Stationary: Object appears motionless in the sky due to the turning point between its direct and retrograde motion.

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