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Astronomy Events

2022 Astronomical Event Calendar


This listing gives notable astronomical events in our solar system, including eclipses, meteor showers, periodic comets, phases of the moon, and conjunctions of the planets.

Also see list of upcoming space launches.


January 2022

Jan 2: New moon phase
Jan 3: Comet Leonard perihelion
Jan 3-4: Quadrantids meteor shower
Jan 7: Mercury at greatest eastern elongation
Jan 17: Full moon phase (Wolf Moon)

TBA: SpaceX Starship maiden orbital test flight - Starbase, TX USA


February 2022

Feb 1: New moon phase
Feb 16: Full moon phase (Snow Moon)
Feb 16: Mercury at greatest western elongation


March 2022

Mar 2: New moon phase
Mar 18: Full moon phase (Worm Moon)
Mar 20: March equinox (15:24 UTC)

TBA: Relativity Space Terran 1 test flight - Cape Canaveral, FL USA


April 2022

Apr 1: New moon phase
Apr 16: Full moon phase (Pink Moon)
Apr 21: Comet PANSTARRS perihelion
Apr 22-23: Lyrid meteors
Apr 29: Mercury at greatest eastern elongation
Apr 30: New moon phase
Apr 30: Partial solar eclipse NASA eclipse map


May 2022

May 6-7: Eta Aquarid meteors
May 16: Full moon phase (Flower Moon)
May 16: Total lunar eclipse NASA eclipse map
May 30: New moon phase


June 2022

Jun 14: Full (super)moon phase (Strawberry Moon)
Jun 16: Mercury at greatest western elongation
Jun 21: June solstice (09:05 UTC)
Jun 29: New moon phase

TBA: Astrobotic Peregrine lunar lander launch - Cape Canaveral, FL USA


July 2022

Jul 13: Full (super)moon phase (Buck Moon)
Jul 28: New moon phase
Jul 28-29: Delta Aquarids meteors

TBA: ExoMars 2022 Franklin Mars rover launch - Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan


August 2022

Aug 12: Full (super)moon phase (Sturgeon Moon)
Aug 12-13: Perseid meteors
Aug 14: Saturn at opposition
Aug 25: Comet 3P/Schwassmann-Wachmann perihelion
Aug 27: New moon phase
Aug 27: Mercury at greatest eastern elongation

TBA: Psyche asteroid launch - Kennedy Space Center, FL USA


September 2022

Sep 10: Full moon phase (Harvest Moon)
Sep 16: Neptune at opposition
Sep 23: September equinox (00:55 UTC)
Sep 25: New moon phase
Sep 26: Jupiter at opposition


October 2022

Oct 7: Draconids meteors
Oct 8: Mercury at greatest western elongation
Oct 9: Full moon phase (Hunters Moon)
Oct 21-22: Orionid meteors
Oct 25: New moon phase
Oct 25: Partial solar eclipse NASA eclipse map

Oct: Asteroid Didymos nearest approach to Earth


November 2022

Nov 4-5: Taurids meteors
Nov 8: Full moon phase (Beaver Moon)
Nov 8: Total lunar eclipse NASA eclipse map
Nov 9: Uranus at opposition
Nov 17-18: Leonid meteors
Nov 23: New moon phase

TBA: Euclid space telescope launch - Kourou, French Guiana


December 2022

Dec 8: Full moon phase (Cold moon)
Dec 8: Mars at opposition
Dec 13-14: Geminid meteors
Dec 15: Comet 81P/Wild 2 perihelion
Dec 21: December solstice (21:40 UTC)
Dec 21: Mercury at greatest eastern elongation
Dec 21-22: Ursid meteors
Dec 23: New moon phase






Definitions:

Apogee: point in the Moon's orbit when it is farthest from Earth.

Conjunction: Occurs when two or more bodies appear close together in the sky.

Elongation: is the apparent angular separation of an object from the Sun. Greatest elongation is best for viewing as it is at it's highest point above the horizon.

Inferior conjunction: When planet Mercury or Venus pass between the Sun and the Earth.

Occultation: Passage of one object in front of a smaller one, thus obscuring all or part of the background object from view.

Opposition: When a planet farther from the Sun than Earth appears opposite the Sun in the sky. This is the best time to observe a planet as it is closet to the Earth.

Perigee: point in the Moon's orbit when it is nearest to Earth.

Stationary: Object appears motionless in the sky due to the turning point between its direct and retrograde motion.

Blue moon: Second full moon to occur in a calendar month.